Next js partial hydration

This case study shows one way to implement partial Server-Side Rendering SSR and achive performance gains without big investments in middleware for cloud-based platforms. If our goal is to make our React website fast, one of the best things we can do is to use SSR for the whole application. For this to work, we need control over the server where the application is hosted and render the React app using, for example, Next.

But we can improve the app even further: we can apply React Progressive Hydration.

Hydration (Adactio: Journal)

This content is created by third party which is responsible for the whole dynamic content on the platform. What we can return directly from the backend is the HTML below, which is not enough for the React app to hydrate. This is the maximum of what we can do as server-side generated HTML:. First of all, initially we thought that we can just create the above HTML structure and React will fill in the missing elements only, but few hours and errors later we figured out that React needs whole React-generated HTML in order to hydrate.

Yup, we know, it is ugly. This is happening because we use React. While the above code is not the prettiest one, our performance improvements are significant for Homepage and Category Landing Pages:.

Contributing to the web since he went through hundreds of platforms and solutions. He is passionate to work with people to build great platforms. Perfectionist, sports man and tries to learn lock picking. Did you try to get information for product PDP and products PLPstore them as a global varialble in html, and then added as a initial state when you create a product or category reducer?

This is just some idea who I thought of, when I read that article, probably you already use it. Name required.

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Mail will not be published required. Web Performance Calendar The speed geek's favorite time of the year. So what we did? Georgi Mitsev February 13th, Congrat for achievement. Powered by WordPresscustom theme by Stoyan loosely based on design by Javor.GitHub is home to over 50 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together.

If nothing happens, download GitHub Desktop and try again. If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. If nothing happens, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again. Partial hydration for Next. Explanation: At spring we are creating websites for newspapers and we are very, very performance aware. Newspapers are mostly static pages. Now if we were to create a single page application we would create a huge bundle with mostly unnecessary code.

This does not only mean that users wait for a big file to download, but as Addy Osmami points out there is a huge cost in performance with parsing and executing code. As a vague rule of thumb we can say, the bigger your bundle, the worse your performance. That is why we aim to cut bundle size by only shipping the code we actually need in the client and leave the rest to server side rendering.

This repo ist still a proof of concept, we will continue to work on this and implement our work as 2 packages:. On top of partial hydration we will implement loading strategies including critical CSScritical JSlazy loadingpreloading ressourcesetc. For now we have a partial hydration POC for Next. When you create a next. That means you have to create a client. We do this to give you full control of what you want your users to download and, very importantly, to choose the loading strategy that is right for you.

Now pool-attendant-preact comes into play.

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Let's explain this by example. Say you have a Next app with a headera main section and teaser s which may just be images with a text and a headline, for instance.

next js partial hydration

Modify your package. To tell your app that a particular component should be hydrated use withHydration. Our main. In line 4 we have created a component that will be hydrated in the client and we use it 2 times on our page with different props.

The last and most crucial part is your client. For a single component Teaser it can be simple as that. Oh, next-super-performance comes with pool-attendant-preact which is why you import everything from here instead of from pool-attendant-preact. It just imports and exports withHydrationhydrate and HydrationData for convenience. This will require you to import the components you want to use in the client and pass them to the hydrate function. Because client.

Apart from Preact nothing else will be shipped. If your components have dependencies on their own, those dependencies will be "natuarally" shipped as well because client.

This repo is a POC and something we will build on. To try this out, clone this repository and then run. This POC seems to work quite well, we could drastically reduce our bundle size. There is still a lot to do though. Also we aim to implement tools and APIs to create a language for performance-critical aspects of your code to provide you with tools to define your critical rendering path.February 28, I am not going to talk about what is hydration, to know more about client-side rendering, server-side rendering and hydration, please read this amazing article by Jason Miller and Addy Osmani.

I am not going to share about how to do rehydration in React as well, you can read about that from here and here. The functional component App returns the following React element when count is 0 :.

Noticed the div has 2 children? So it tries to match with the 1st text node, and create the 2nd one. It is when the matching happens, where React realizes that it is expecting the text node to contain "Count: "but the server content is "Count: 0"thus the error message:. If you plan to use React on the client to make the markup interactive, do not use this method. It adds a data-reactroot which is used by React internally.

next js partial hydration

Besides, it adds a comment in between "Count: " and "0"so the initial DOM looks like this:. A comment node sits in between 2 text nodes, nicely separate the boundary of the 2 text nodes. The initial DOM provided 2 text nodes as React would expect, and React would skip comment nodes and only hydrate element nodes and text nodes.

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The first is the hydrating text node. Claiming in Svelte means marking the element as part of the component, and hydrate it by providing reactivity to the element. Does it have the same issue?

Apparently not. Fragmentthen it would not be a problem. Partial hydration in React is a mechanism to partially hydrate a server-rendered result while other parts of the pages are still loading the code or data. The server-rendered HTML may have rendered based on the code or data, which is yet to be fetched by the component. If React now shows the fallback content during the hydration, the user may see a flash of the actual content, before turning into a loading state until the code or data is ready.As developers, we are often faced with decisions that will affect the entire architecture of our applications.

One of the core decisions web developers must make is where to implement logic and rendering in their application. This can be a difficult, since there are a number of different ways to build a website. Our understanding of this space is informed by our work in Chrome talking to large sites over the past few years. Broadly speaking, we would encourage developers to consider server rendering or static rendering over a full rehydration approach. The differences between these approaches help illustrate the trade-offs of rendering on the web through the lens of performance.

Server rendering generates the full HTML for a page on the server in response to navigation. This approach can work well for a large spectrum of device and network conditions, and opens up interesting browser optimizations like streaming document parsing. With server rendering, users are unlikely to be left waiting for CPU-bound JavaScript to process before they can use your site. Whether server rendering is enough for your application largely depends on what type of experience you are building.

Some sites have adopted hybrid rendering techniques with success. Netflix server-renders its relatively static landing pages, while prefetching the JS for interaction-heavy pages, giving these heavier client-rendered pages a better chance of loading quickly. Many modern frameworks, libraries and architectures make it possible to render the same application on both the client and the server. React users can use renderToString or solutions built atop it like Next. Angular has Universal.

Most popular solutions employ some form of hydration though, so be aware of the approach in use before selecting a tool. Solutions for static rendering come in all shapes and sizes. Tools like Gatsby are designed to make developers feel like their application is being rendered dynamically rather than generated as a build step.

Others like Jekyll and Metalsmith embrace their static nature, providing a more template-driven approach. This can be challenging or even infeasible when you can't predict what those URLs will be ahead of time, or for sites with a large number of unique pages. React users may be familiar with GatsbyNext. For statically rendered pages, most of the functionality will still exist without JavaScript enabled.

For prerendered pages, there may still be some basic functionality like links, but most of the page will be inert.

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Another useful test is to slow your network down using Chrome DevTools, and observe how much JavaScript has been downloaded before a page becomes interactive. Prerendering generally requires more JavaScript to get interactive, and that JavaScript tends to be more complex than the Progressive Enhancement approach used by static rendering. Server rendering is not a silver bullet - its dynamic nature can come with significant compute overhead costs.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Is it possible to enforce an SSR-only mode in Next. Let's say I have this app:. Learn more. Asked 1 year, 3 months ago. Active 2 months ago.

next js partial hydration

Viewed 1k times. Ist that possible with React? Penny Liu 4, 3 3 gold badges 25 25 silver badges 46 46 bronze badges. Lukas Lukas 6, 6 6 gold badges 44 44 silver badges 77 77 bronze badges. Place a check for process. Does that work?

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Yeah, also something like this seems to becoming part of React itself addyosmani. Active Oldest Votes. Aral Roca Aral Roca 3, 3 3 gold badges 32 32 silver badges 55 55 bronze badges.

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Tales from documentation: Write for your dumbest user. Upcoming Events.The react-dom package provides DOM-specific methods that can be used at the top level of your app and as an escape hatch to get outside of the React model if you need to. Most of your components should not need to use this module. React supports all popular browsers, including Internet Explorer 9 and above, although some polyfills are required for older browsers such as IE 9 and IE Render a React element into the DOM in the supplied container and return a reference to the component or returns null for stateless components.

If the React element was previously rendered into containerthis will perform an update on it and only mutate the DOM as necessary to reflect the latest React element. If the optional callback is provided, it will be executed after the component is rendered or updated. Any existing DOM elements inside are replaced when first called.

It may be possible to insert a component to an existing DOM node without overwriting the existing children. However, using this return value is legacy and should be avoided because future versions of React may render components asynchronously in some cases.

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If you need a reference to the root ReactComponent instance, the preferred solution is to attach a callback ref to the root element. Using ReactDOM. Use hydrate instead. React will attempt to attach event listeners to the existing markup. React expects that the rendered content is identical between the server and the client.

It can patch up differences in text content, but you should treat mismatches as bugs and fix them. In development mode, React warns about mismatches during hydration. There are no guarantees that attribute differences will be patched up in case of mismatches.

This is important for performance reasons because in most apps, mismatches are rare, and so validating all markup would be prohibitively expensive. It only works one level deep, and is intended to be an escape hatch. If you intentionally need to render something different on the server and the client, you can do a two-pass rendering.

Components that render something different on the client can read a state variable like this. This way the initial render pass will render the same content as the server, avoiding mismatches, but an additional pass will happen synchronously right after hydration.Gatsby sites can work without JavaScript. JavaScript is required only for additional interactive elements of an app.

However we believe that this will make Gatsby performance worse, not better, and this blog post aims to explain why we think this is the case. We will also cover how some future React features, like partial hydration, will improve Gatsby performance. That means that adding interactivity to a Gatsby site is very easy and requires no additional steps - React just works as usual. In order to add interactivity to a page Gatsby has to ship JavaScript. That makes even the initial bundle bigger than what Gatsby ships by default.

But what about sites or pages where there is no client-side interactivity? Even for those pages, Gatsby offers performance benefits by including JavaScript. A page is an entry point in a Gatsby application, one can think of it as a single URL on the website.

More often, users visit multiple pages on a website. On a regular website a page transition would mean that the browser has to download a new HTML page and then all of the corresponding assets.

Inside that file, Gatsby stores all the data that is needed to render the page. Gatsby can preload those files based on the links that are visible in the viewport. In many cases that means the transition will feel snappier for the user, as there is no need to do a full page reload and preloaded files would already be available. While not as detrimental for performance as JavaScript which has additional impact because it needs to be parsed and executeda single image can be bigger in size than a full JavaScript bundle.

This all means that using JavaScript not only lets people develop interactive websites easier, it has real performance benefits for many websites. In this sense, Gatsby combines the best parts of traditional websites pre-rendered HTML that loads super fast for the visitor and Single-Page Apps fast transitions and rich functionality. One big concern with client-side routing and Single-Page Apps in general is accessibility.

Without proper care to manage focus and expose accessibility information through transitions, tools like VoiceOver will fail to announce page changes.

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That can potentially lead to the user being unaware that page content has changed. Gatsby uses ARIA live regions and a hidden element on a page to announce page changes, so all page transitions in Gatsby should be announced see Add accessible routing PRwhich was recently merged and released.

We want all Gatsby sites to be accessible and for that we need to make sure that our client-side routing is as accessible as possible see our accessibility statement and our client-side-routing study. Unfortunately, not all accessibility features are available for Single-Page Apps. This is a problem for a big part of the web at the moment. Without those efforts a big part of the web will always be less accessible. While using JavaScript in Gatsby can offer performance benefits, it comes with the usual caveat — if you use too much, performance will suffer.

The former can happen if too much data is requested for the page or put in the page context some bad pagination patterns can cause that.

With JavaScript, adding too many third-party libraries can easily cause that. Future Gatsby updates will produce multiple bundles, based on different versions of the platform that browsers support. A CDN can detect which browser a visitor is using and select an appropriate bundle to send.


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